Cats and dogs under 25lbs: Use the 125mg bottle. Give 1 full dropper (1ml) daily. Each dropper contains 4.2mg naturally occurring CBD.
Dogs 25-50lbs: Use the 250mg bottle. Give 1 full dropper (1ml) daily. Each dropper contains 8.3mg naturally occurring CBD.
Dogs over 50lbs: Use the 500mg bottle. Give 1 full dropper (1ml) daily. Each dropper contains 16.7mg naturally occurring CBD.
Fear and Anxiety: Use the 500mg bottle. Give 1 full dropper (1ml) daily for any size dog. Each dropper contains 16.7mg naturally occurring CBD.
Pain and Mobility: Use the 1,000mg bottle. Give 1 full dropper (1ml) daily. Each dropper contains 33.3mg naturally occurring CBD.
Nerve Issues: Use the 1,000mg bottle. Give 1 full dropper (1ml) daily. Each dropper contains 33.3mg naturally occurring CBD.
Immune Challenged Dogs: Use the 1,000mg bottle. Give 1 full dropper (1ml) daily. Each dropper contains 33.3mg naturally occurring CBD.
Four Leaf Rover CBD Oil is a full spectrum hemp oil.
That means it's rich not just in CBD oil, but it contains other important cannabinoids that occur naturally in full spectrum hemp including CBC and CBG.
CBC has been studied for its cancer-fighting activities, its ability to block pain and inflammation, and its positive effect on brain cells.
CBG is also being studied for its medicinal use. It's been shown to decrease inflammation in the digestive tract, protect nerve cells and the eyes, support healthy bladder function and, of course, fit cancer cells.
Four Leaf Rover Full Spectrum Hemp Oil is free of herbicides, pesticides and other harmful chemicals.
Our CBD is extracted using super critical CO2 extraction, which free of alcohol, butane and other harmful chemicals used in other CBD extraction methods.Four Leaf Rover hemp-derived CBD Oil contains less than 0.3% THC.No flavors or additives. Research Study
Four Leaf Rover Full Spectrum Hemp uses organic human-grade MCT oil as its base.
MCT is a healthy saturated fatty acid derived from coconut oil. MCT carries health benefits of its own, including better digestion, heart and brain health and antioxidant activities.
MCT is easily digested and burned as fuel, not stored as fat.
CBD (cannabidiol) is a naturally occurring substance found in both cannabis and hemp.
Both hemp and cannabis deliver deep health benefits ... but there's a difference between the two.
Cannabis contains larger amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is the psychoactive part of cannabis and marijuana that gives that "high" associated with those products.
Our CBD comes from the hemp plant, which is much lower in THC. In fact, it's less than 0.3%, so your dog will get the calmness and health benefits from the CBD without getting a "buzz." While you might enjoy the high from THC, your dog won't.
Your dog can get the same pain relieving and immune supporting benefits from hemp-derived CBD.
CBD is extracted from the hemp plant. This is why you'll see hemp oil on the label.
There are two main ways to extract the CBD from hemp:
1. Solvent Extraction
Sometimes, solvents are used to extract the CBD from the hemp plant. The solvents can be natural, but they're usually petroleum, butane or propane.
These solvents will leave residue in the CBD and can be toxic to your dog. Natural solvents include ethanol or olive oil.
The problem with solvents, even if natural, is that they don't extract as much CBD from the hemp plant. So CBD oils extracted with solvents will contain a lower concentration of CBD.
2. CO2 Extraction
CO2 extraction uses supercritical carbon dioxide to separate the CBD oil from the hemp plant. Supercritical means the CO2 is in both a liquid and gas state.
The CO2 is pumped into high pressure chamber that contains the hemp plant. The pressure from the CO2 breaks down the plant and produces the CBD oil.
CO2 is a more expensive way to produce CBD, but it's safer than solvents. It also produces much higher concentrations of CBD, which is more beneficial for your dog.
Four Leaf Rover full spectrum hemp uses only CO2 extraction.
When you buy CBD oil for your dog, you'll want to check the label to make sure it's full spectrum or broad spectrum. This means the oil contains not just CBD, but a range of other cannabinoids including CBC, CBN, CBD, CBG and CBA.
Full and broad spectrum will also contain other oils called terpenes and a small amount of THC (less than 0.3%). These substances all work together and help increase the effectiveness of the cannabinoids.
This is called the "entourage effect." The entourage effect is thought to better activate the endocannabinoid system.
Many CBD oils are from isolate. This means the oil carries no THC and lacks other cannabinoids and terpenes. CBD isolate is much cheaper to produce and has no flavor or odor.
Some cheaper products will add isolate to boost the CBD content. It's buyer beware when it comes to CBD ... so make sure you work with a company that is transparent about how their CBD is made. And always ask for a certificate of analysis (COA) and look for a wide range of cannabinoids and a small amount of THC.
CBD and other cannabinoids work on your dog's endocannabinoid system.
The endocannabinoid system is like a messenger system in your dog. It plays an important role in your dog's nervous and hormone systems.
The key players in the endocannabinoid system are endocannabinoids (messengers), cannabinoid receptors and enzymes. The endocannabinoids in CBD are very similar to those in your dog's body and that's how CBD works ... it stimulates the receptors in your dog's nervous system, digestive system, immune system and brain.
This is why CBD has so many health benefits ... including pain relief, reduced inflammation and improved digestive and immune health. Endocannabinoids can also regulate your dog's mood and behavior, sleep and increase his appetite.
Because the CBD industry isn't well regulated, there are a lot of poor quality products on the market.
So how do you find the best CBD oil for your dog?
Each bottle of CBD is sold with a particular concentration, which is expressed in milligrams (mg).
The general rule of thumb is to give 1mg to 6mg of CBD per 10 pounds of body weight, depending on the dog.
For anxiety or health prevention, you'll find that the lower doses work well. But if your dog is dealing with pain or immune issues, you'll want a larger amount.
It's best to start with a smaller dose and work your way up.
Now that you know a bit more about HOW to choose a good quality CBD oil for your dog, let's talk a bit more about WHY you would give your dog CBD oil.
Remember, CBD works on a chemical messenger system in your dog's brain and body called the endocannabinoid system ... so the benefits of CBD can be deep and significant.
That's why it's the fastest growing healthy plant in the world!
Let's take a look at common conditions where CBD can help dogs ...
If your dog has pain, your vet might prescribe NSAIDs or other pain meds like Gabapentin.
But NSAIDs can cause deterioration in joints and soft tissues ... and they can damage your dog's liver.
Gabapentin is a common pain medication that can cause kidney damage. Plus, it's not all that effective.
CBD is a natural anti-inflammatory that doesn't carry the same risk of side effects as drugs. It works by binding to CB1 receptors in the brain. These receptors stimulate the immune system to reduce inflammation.
CBD also binds to CB2 receptors that are found in the nervous and immune systems. When this happens, the body may produce more cannabinoids naturally, and this helps reduce inflammation even more and reduce the pain associated with it. CB1 receptors also change the way the brain responds to pain.
In fact, researchers at Cornell University found that dogs taking CBD for arthritis showed an increase in activity and a decrease in pain.
Some of the common ways to use CBD as an anti-inflammatory in dogs include:
Half of adult dogs today will sadly get cancer. Cancer is a massive health challenge for dogs, especially if they undergo chemotherapy or radiation treatments.
Cancer researchers are always looking for new ways to treat cancer and release the pain and nausea that can go with it. And CBD has been extensively researched as a cancer-fighting substance.
A study in mice showed that CBD slowed the growth of mammary cancer cells. And a 2018 study found that CBD increased survival time in mice with pancreatic cancer.
Other animal studies also show CBD oil has cancer fighting abilities and can slow the growth of tumors. Another study also shows cancer cells can become more sensitive to treatment with CBD ... which means CBD can increase the effectiveness of conventional cancer treatments.
CBD kills cancer cells by blocking their ability to produce energy. It also stimulates the immune system to produce killer cells that cause death in cancer cells.
Researchers also found that CBD blocks a cannabinoid receptor called GPR55. This is important because GPR55 increased the growth rate of cancer cells in mice.
CBD oil can also help with the nausea associated with many cancer treatments. Another study showed a significant reduction in cancer-related pain.
It's estimated that about 5% of dogs suffer from seizures. They can be terrifying for both dogs and their humans ... and they can cause anxiety.
Most vets treat epilepsy and seizures with antiepileptic drugs, such as phenobarbital or potassium bromide. But these drugs are extremely harmful to your dog's liver and other organs.
Even if the drugs don't cause unmanageable side effects, they don't always work ...
So researchers at Colorado State University were excited when they studied CBD as a treatment for epilepsy in dogs. A whopping 89% of dogs that received the CBD had a reduction in seizures.
In human trials, CBD was found to work in patients with drug resistant epilepsy. In one study, 7 out of 8 patients saw a marked improvement within 4 to 5 months.
CBD can reduce the frequency and severity of seizures because of how it interacts with the endocannabinoid system.
It's believed that seizures are caused by abnormal electric charges of the neurons in the nervous system ... and CBD can bind to receptors in the brain that researchers speculate can improve the functioning of the nervous system.
Anxiety is a common reason dog owners turn to CBD. Anxiety can appear in different forms, including:
Of course, there are anti-anxiety drugs available ... but CBD is being studied for anxiety because it doesn't carry dangerous side effects.
Most human users of CBD take it for pain, anxiety and depression. Over a third of these users report that CBD worked "very well by itself."
CBD has even been used to manage anxiety and insomnia in children with post-traumatic stress disorder. And animal studies show its antidepressant effects aren't just for humans.
And CBD can work quickly if given directly in the mouth when your dog is stressed. It typically works within 5 to 20 minutes.
However, CBD appears to most beneficial for anxiety when given over a period of time. So if your dog is prone to stress, a daily dose might be best.
A 2012 study looked at stress in rats that were exposed to cats. The rats given repeated doses of CBD had less anxiety than those who were given a single dose.
Researchers aren't certain how CBD relieves stress and anxiety, but it's thought that it can help regulate serotonin. Serotonin is a hormone that regulates mood, social behavior, digestion, sleep and appetite.
Probably the most promising research on CBD is that done on pain. From nerve pain to arthritis, it works well. Without the harmful side effects of pain medications.
CBD binds to both CB1 and CB2 receptors in the brain and nervous system and this helps change the way your dog's brain perceives pain.
Plus, CBD can help manage the other symptoms that accompany pain, such as sleeplessness and nausea.
CBD can also help manage acute pain from injuries.
Allergies and skin conditions are on the rise in dogs. And they're difficult to treat.
The endocannabinoid system is also found in the skin ... and that's good news for dogs with allergies.
CBD can help relieve dry and itchy skin. And it can promote the growth of new healthy skin cells.
CBD can be given internally for allergies, or externally for hot spots or interdigital cysts.